Posted at 04/06/2014 by abirdadmin on category Bird Facts, Birds

Hummingbird BookHummingbirds are among the smallest birds in the world but they make up for their small size with unique talents and fearless flying.

Types of hummingbirds:  There are over 300 types of hummingbirds. They belong to the species family called Trochilidae.

Geographic Range: Hummingbirds are found only in North, Central and South America, ranging from Alaska and eastern Canada down to the southernmost tip of South America.

Length: Hummingbirds range in body length from 5 to 6 centimeters ( 2.0 – 2.4 inches) for the Bee Hummingbird up to 21.5 cm ( 8.5 in ) for the Giant Hummingbird.

Wingspan: The Giant Hummingbird has a wingspan up to 21.5 cm ( 8.5 in ) in length while the Bee Hummingbird wingspan is only 3.25 cm  (1.28 in )

Weight: Hummingbirds range from the Bee Hummingbird, which weighs less than 2 grams ( 0.07 ounces), to the Giant Hummingbird, which weighs from 19 to 21 grams ( 0.67 oz – 0.74 oz ). For comparison, a U.S. penny weighs 2.5 grams ( 0.09 oz ).

Food: Hummingbirds primarily drink nectar from flowers but also catch insects and spiders for additional nutrition.

Unique: What’s unique about hummingbirds is their ability to hover and their ability to fly backwards.


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